Engineering Transactions, 67, 2, pp. 253–270, 2019
10.24423/EngTrans.1003.20190509

Research on Influence of TiSi(N) Reflective Coating Thermal Resistance on Energy Absorption of Fireproof Textile Coupled with Auxetic Fabric

Danuta MIEDZIŃSKA
Military University of Technology
Poland

Michał STANKIEWICZ
Military University of Technology
Poland

Roman GIELETA
Military University of Technology
Poland

Konstanty MARSZAŁEK
AGH University of Science and Technology
Poland

The research presented in the paper deals with the improvement of firemen protective clothing. The proposed modification of the special textile PROTON is based on the application of TiSi(N) nanocomposite reflective layer, which improves the thermal resistance of the coated material. The second improvement deals with the implementation of auxetic textile into the protective clothing structure. Such material is characterized with the very good blast wave resistance. In the paper both phenomena were studied. The results of thermal resistance of coated and not coated PROTON shown that the application of such structure decreased the temperature acting behind the textile and the application of the auxetic textile significantly increased the PROTON resistance to gas impact. Also the advantages of coupling both improvement methods were discussed, because of the negative influence of high temperature on auxetic behaviour.
Keywords: thermal resistance; nanocomposite reflective coating; auxetic textile; firemen clothing
Full Text: PDF

References

Teijin Ltd., Super FR cloth, Textile Horizons, 9: 31, 1989.

Harrocks A.R., Anand S.C., Handbook of technical textiles, Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge, 2000.

Ward D.T., High tech. fibres featured at Frankfurt show, International Fibre Journal, 6: 89–91, 1991.

Saville N., Squires M., Multiplex panotex textiles, International Conference Industrial and Technical Textiles, University of Huddersfield, UK, July, 6–7, 1993.

Lennox-Kerr P., Friction spinning creates hybrid yarns for improved thermal protection, Technical Textiles International, 6, 18–22, 1977.

Heidari S., Paren A., Nousianinen P., The mechanism of fire resistance in viscose/silicic acid hybrid fibres, Journal of Society of Dyers and Colourists, 109(7–8): 261–263, 1993.

Ma Z., Zhao W., Liu Y., Shi J., Synthesis and properties of intumescent phosphorus-containing flameretardant polyesters, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 63(12): 1511–1515, 1997.

Małek E., Miedzińska D., Stankiewicz M., Heat resistance research and surface analysis of fireproof textiles with titanum silicide coating, Procedia Structural Integrity, 5: 508–515, 2017.

Marszałek K., Mania R.. The nanocomposite TiN-Si3N4 coatings on textiles, 9th Symposium on Vacuum Based Science and Technology, Kołobrzeg, Poland, 16–18 November 2015.

Klasztorny M., Szurgott P., Niezgoda T., Miedzińska D., Kiczko A., Preliminary comparative static identification research on selected commercial auxetic fabrics, Composites Theory and Practice, 17(2): 59–66, 2017.

Bajaj P., Sengupta A.K., Protective clothing, Textile Progress, 22(2–4): 1–110, 1992.

Lewin M., Sello S.B., Handbook of fibre science and technology, Vol. II: Chemical processing of fibres and fabrics: functional finishes, Part B, Dekker, New York, 1984.

Noguchi N., Matsunaga A., Yonezawa Y., Fire resistant nonwoven fabric composites with good softness and their manufacture, Japanese Patent 09 78, 433, 25 March 1997.

Harrocks A. R., Price D., Fire retardant materials, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge, 2001.

Ceresana Research, Market study: flame retardants, Ceresana Research, Konstanz, 2006.

Levchik S. V., Weil E. D., A review of recent progress in phosphorus-based flame retardants, Journal of Fire Sciences, 24(5): 345–364, 2006.

Dickey E., Barrow W. A., High rate roll to roll atomic layer deposition, and its application to moisture barriers on polymer films, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A, 30: 021502, 2012.

Gniotek K., Gołębiowski J., Leśnikowski J., Temperature measurements in a textronic fireman suit and visualisation of the results, Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, 17(1): 97–101, 2009.

Lavrent E. P., New-generation fire- and heat-resistant textile materials for working clothes, Fibre Chemistry, 45(2): 107–113, 2013.

Wright J.R., Evans K.E., Burns M.K., Auxetic blast protection textiles – crime feasibility study, Final Report– EP/D036690/1, University of Exeter, 2007.

Wright J.R., Sloan M.R., Evans K.E., Tensile properties of helical auxetic structures: A numerical study, Journal of Applied Physics, 108(4): 044905–044908, 2010.

Takahara K., Akari K., Kawaguchi H., Tamagaki H., Current and future PVD systems and coating technologies, KOBELCO Technology Review, 55(2): 81–85, 2005.

Miedzińska D., Gieleta R., Małek E., Zasada D., Stankiewicz M., Marszałek K., Experimental research on influence of gas impact on thermal and mechanical properties of auxetic material covered with titanium silicide coating, Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences – Technical Sciences, 66(2): 165–172, 2018.

Wolański R., Technology and materials for the production of protection against microwave and infrared radiation, PhD Thesis, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, Cracow, 2008.

Mania R., Godlewska E., Mars K., Morgiel J., Wolański R., Ceramic layers on fabrics, Elektronika, 52(11): 34–36, 2011.

Mania R., Marszałek K., Morgiel J., Wolański R., TiN-Si3N4 layers applied on protective fabrics ith the use of magnetron sputtering, Elektronika, 55(2): 19–22, 2014.

Hook P.B., Uses of auxetic fibres, USA Patent US 8,002,879 B2, 23rd August 2011.




DOI: 10.24423/EngTrans.1003.20190509

Copyright © 2014 by Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland